What is hypertension?

High Blood Pressure is commonly known as Hypertension. It is the pressure exerted by blood against the walls of the blood vessels.

In this condition, the blood pressure is higher than 140 over 90mmHg.


A person who suffers from hypertension may witness the following symptoms:

  • Blood clots in the eyes area.
  • Sudden Dizziness.
  • Loss of balance and difficulty in walking.
  • Facial flushing.


Some common causes of hypertension are:

  • Old age.
  • Family history.
  • Consuming high amount of salt in the diet.
  • Skipping exercise from a daily routine.
  • Obesity.
  • Daily consumption of alcohol.
  • Smoking.
  • Long-term sleep deprivation.


Following are some risks associated with hypertension:

  • Arteries getting damaged.
  • Coronary heart disease.
  • Brain damage.
  • Minor stroke or transient ischemic attack.
  • Damage to the blood vessels.
  • Kidney failure.


Following are some measures that can be used to prevent hypertension:

  • Maintaining a proper weight.
  • Having a balanced diet.
  • Less consumption of salt.
  • Exercising.
  • Cutting off alcohol.
  • Controlling blood pressure.

How is it diagnosed?

Our doctor at Medanta will diagnose by measuring the blood pressure with a sphygmomanometer. There are two ways to record blood pressure, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Systo...

How is it treated?

Following are some treatments used to treat hypertension:


When do I contact the doctor?

You should immediately consult a doctor if you detect clotting of blood in the eyes, headache, and dizziness while walking or doing any physical task. Delaying will worsen the situation.

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