Vaginal Bleeding

What is Vaginal Bleeding?

Many women face abnormal or unexpected spotting between the periods or regular menstrual cycles. This spotting or heavy bleeding is termed as vaginal bleeding. Vaginal bleeding is described as a bleeding over and apart from normal menstruation. This bleeding may include spotting which is visible or noticed as blood spots on a tissue paper after using washroom, or heavy periods where tampons need to be used. Menstrual cycle or vaginal bleeding occurs every month with an average cycle of 21 to 35 days. It is due to the uterus shedding its lining marking at the beginning of a reproductive cycle. The normal periods last for just a few days, and the flow can vary from person to person.


Women may notice spotting or irregular bleeding at various stages of their life. The potential symptoms of the same are:

  • Sudden or severe pain in abdomen or pelvis.
  • Severe or regular episodes of vaginal bleeding every month.
  • Feeling dizzy, nausea, and fainting.
  • Fever with weakness.
  • Bleeding lasting longer than a week.
  • Pregnancy. 


Abnormal vaginal bleeding is often related with a problematic ovulation cycle. Menstruation cycle is a result of ovulation cycle. The women reproductive system ovulates between 14-18 day of every month and as a result, a cycle is of 21-35 days. The potential causes for it include:

  • An inter uterine growth or inside the cervix.
  • Stress or menopause.
  • Certain medications which may create hormonal imbalance.
  • Pregnancy or miscarriage.
  • Vaginal dryness.
  • Cancer.


In majority of the cases, abnormal vaginal bleeding subsides on its own. However, for others it may require treatment. Ignorance towards the problem can lead to worsening of the problem. If the underlying cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding is infection or cancer, or any other disorder, the consequences could be life-threatening.


Though not much can be done to avoid vaginal bleeding, however, to subside pain, one can:

  • Use medications such as ibuprofen or meftal spas.
  • Consult a doctor in case of a hormonal imbalance.
  • Avoid the use of aspirin to decrease the chances of bleeding.

How is it treated?

At Medanta, our doctor will take proper care to curb the effects of the disease. Ways to diagnose the disease include: 


How is it treated?

It is important to make the doctor understand the root cause of vaginal bleeding. A proper diagnosis will help rule out the underlying causes of uterine bleeding, and then treatment is advised. The means of treatment may include: 


  • A hormone therapy or medications

    They can be prescribed accordingly, depending on the patient’s medical history and complications. It makes use of female hormones to treat common symptoms of aging and menopause. It replaces hormones that your body no longer makes, and is an effective treatment to tackle the symptoms of this disease. 

  • Estrogen therapy

     It is also known as combination therapy, and combines doses of estrogen and progestin to maintain the hormonal balance.

When do I contact the doctor?

You should immediately consult a doctor, if you continue to experience a hormonal imbalance, cervix growth, nausea, dizziness, and severe pain in the abdomen. All these symptoms of your disease will be treated just right with the help of our medical experts at Medanta. 

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