Extreme Obesity

What is Extreme Obesity?

A healthy body is active and possesses a BMI rate of 17.5 to 25 kg/m2 which means that your body mass index is in proportion to your height and weight. BMI rate varies from people to people. BMI rate for a healthy adult male will differ from that of a healthy female. BMI level is different in different age groups. Likewise, for children at different age, it differs as per the growth. When the BMI level crosses 40 or higher, this condition becomes a serious concern and the person is considered to suffer from extreme obesity.


The major sign of obesity is over average weight. However following are some symptoms that one might also experience:

  • Shortness of breath.
  • Gallstones.
  • Trouble sleeping.
  • Sleep apnea.
  • Difficulty in swift movements.
  • Osteoarthritis in weight bearing joints, especially knees.


Some common causes of obesity are:

  • Eating disorders.
  • Genetics.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Intake of drugs such as steroid hormones.


Following are some common risks factors associated with obesity:

  • Heart attacks.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Lack of sleep.
  • Anxiety.
  • Metabolic syndrome.
  • Reproductive problems.
  • Stress.
  • Osteoarthritis.
  • Heart disease and blood lipid abnormalities.
  • Type 2 diabetes.
  • Sleep apnea (when a person stops breathing in sleep for some time).
  • Gall bladder stones.
  • Certain cancers.
  • High cholesterol.
  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome.


The following measures could be followed to prevent extreme obesity:

  • Healthy and balanced diet.
  • Routine exercise to rid off extra fat.
  • Monitoring your weight regularly.

How is it diagnosed?

Obesity can be detected just by physical appearance. Our doctor at Medanta might use the following techniques to diagnose extreme obesity:


How is it treated?

Following are some medical measures that can be used to treat extreme obesity:


  • Weight loss drugs

    There are many drugs prescribed by doctors that help in weight control. These must be taken only after they are prescribed by a doctor and they should be followed by a healthy diet and a strict exercise program.The result after taking these pills are still proving revolutionary effects, but to an extent. They also help in reduction of extra intake of fatty foods.

  • Medical Surgery

     Surgery is the last resort in case a person has tried every other measure to reduce weight and the results are not visible. Surgery has its side effects, but if you have to opt for it, choose the doctor who specializes in this kind of surgeries and has a record of delivering positive results.

When do I contact the doctor?

If your body weight has become an issue that resists your everyday life, visit your doctor for consultation.

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