The symptoms include:
- Distorted vision.
- Reduced color discrimination.
- Flashing lights.
The optic nerve carries electrical impulses from the photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye to the visual cortex in the brain. Any damage to the optic nerve or its pathways can cause serious damage to the eyes and can also result in loss of vision. One of the main disorders that can affect the optic nerve is optic neuritis. It is basically inflammation of the optic nerve that is caused by damage or loss of the myelin, the protective sheath that surrounds the optic nerve. Researchers believe optic neuritis develops as a result of inflammation and damage to myelin.
The two nerves play an important role and meet at the optic chiasm. The optic nerve divides, and half of the nerve fibers from each of the sides cross to the other side. Because of damage and loss of the protective sheath, inflammation of the nerve is caused.
The most common cause of optic neuritis is multiple sclerosis in which the body’s own immune system attacks and destroys protective nerve coverings. Other causes include:
For the correct diagnosis and treatment, consultation with an ophthalmologist is required. At Medanta, the eye tests which are likely to be performed are:...
For the correct diagnosis and treatment, consultation with an ophthalmologist is required. At Medanta, the eye tests which are likely to be performed are:
Optic neuritis generally recovers on its own. In certain cases, steroid medications are prescribed to reduce inflammation of the optic nerve. Intravenous steroid therapy speeds up vision recovery, but does not alter the amount of vision recovered...
Optic neuritis generally recovers on its own. In certain cases, steroid medications are prescribed to reduce inflammation of the optic nerve. Intravenous steroid therapy speeds up vision recovery, but does not alter the amount of vision recovered. It reduces the risk of developing multiple sclerosis.
In cases of failure of steroid therapy, severe vision loss may occur. The plasma exchange therapy helps restore vision in such cases.
Treatment for optic neuritis includes:
One should immediately consult a doctor, if they continue to experience persistent blurred vision, pain, reduced colour discrimination, and illness. All these symptoms will be treated just right with the medical and clinical help available at Medanta.
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