Maxillary Sinusitis

What is Maxillary Sinusitis?

Sinus are hollow spaces filled with air behind the facial bones that lead to nose cavity. These Sinuses have mucous linings similar to nasal passage. This moist lining, traps dust and dirt from entering the nasal cavity. Maxillary Sinusitis is the inflammation of the paranasal sinuses caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus. The infection can also result after an allergic reaction – when the immune system attacks the healthy body cells. This infection may be associated with both bacterial and fungal infections.

There are different types of sinusitis, including acute and mild sinusitis which also have a variety of different symptoms such as facial pain, high body temperature, toothache, fatigue, blocked nose, and more.


The symptoms of sinusitis are different from that of cough and cold. The common symptoms are facial pain or pressure, nasal congestion or discharge and reduced ability to smell. The pain is localized to blocked sinus. Other symptoms generally include:

  • Headache.
  • Bad breath.
  • Fatigue.
  • Cough.


The sinus produces mucus lining which performs the function of smelling, protecting against dust, blocked nose, and more. Some of its most possible causes include:

  • Common cold, or influenza flu.
  • Viral infections.
  • Bacterial infections.
  • Hay fever and other allergies.



The main risk factors include:

  • Infection.
  • Decreased sense of smell.
  • Mucocele.
  • Infection of the surrounding structures.
  • Infections due to mucous obstruction. 
  • Osteomyelitis.


To prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of the following things:

  • Taking antibiotic medication.
  • Taking immunotherapy such as allergy shots.
  • Avoid breathing dry air.
  • Reduce smoking.

How is it diagnosed?

At Medanta, our doctor reaches a diagnosis based on the history (influenza, allergy, or asthmatic attacks). To understand the severity of symptoms, following are the ways to diagnose the disease: ...

How is it treated?

In majority of the cases, sinusitis resolves itself without treatment. Patients believe that over the counter drugs or home remedies are much more effective in providing relief.


  • Steam inhalation

    Inhaling steam from a bowl of hot water with drops of menthol oil provides relief from congestion. Sitting in a hot shower also proves effective.


  • Nasal irrigation

    A sinus rinse or irrigation with help of saline water clears nasal cavity.


  • Warm compress

     A warm compress, when applied to the affected area, relieves symptoms.


  • Medication

    Medicines like Painkillers provide relief from symptoms like fever and pain while Decongestant tablets and nasal sprays reduce swelling and allow the sinuses to drain.

When do I contact the doctor?

You should immediately consult a doctor, if you begin to experience headache, bad breath cough, or fatigue. All these symptoms will be treated just right with the help of our medical and clinical experts at Medanta. 

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