What is Diabetes?

Diabetes refers to an illness that influences how your body utilises the blood sugar known as glucose. The sugar is an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It is also vital for your brain as glucose is the main source of energy for the brain. Diabetes is known as an ailment of the pancreas (an organ behind your stomach that creates the hormone insulin). If a person is diabetic, the pancreas either cannot produce enough insulin or utilise the insulin properly. Insulin works with glucose in the circulation system to help it enter the body's cells to be burned for energy. If you are diabetic, regardless of what sort, it implies you have excess glucose in your blood which can lead to medical issues.


People with Diabetes often experience the following symptoms or signs:

  • Dryness in the throat
  • Frequent urination
  • Increase of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Irritability
  • Vision problem
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Frequent infections


The main causes of diabetes-

  • Fatigue
  • Injury to pancreas
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history of diabetes or acquired propensity
  • Obesity
  • Old age


A risk factor increases a person’s chance of developing diabetes. These include:

  • Family History
  • Pancreatic diseases
  • Obesity
  • Laziness


Here are some tips to help you reduce your risk of diabetes:

  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Be more active
  • Lose weight
  • Go for regular medical check-ups

How is it diagnosed?

The preferred method used for diagnosing diabetes is fasting plasma glucose test (FPG). It helps the doctors to measure your blood glucose level after you go without food for 10 to 12 hours. Doctor...

How is it treated?

The objectives of the treatment are to control your blood glucose levels and reduce the symptoms. At Medanta, our diabetes medicinal services group concentrates on helping you accomplish ideal well-being.


  • Monitoring blood sugar level

    Monitoring is the best way to ensure that your glucose level stays inside your objective range. Contingent upon your treatment plan, you may check and record your glucose as regularly as a few times every week

  • Insulin

    Individuals with type 1 diabetes require insulin treatment to survive. Individuals with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes additionally require insulin treatment. Many types of insulin are available, including fast acting insulin, long-acting insulin. Depending on your necessities, your specialist may prescribe a mixture of insulin to use throughout the day and night. Insulin can't be taken orally to lower glucose since stomach enzymes interfere with insulin's activity. Often insulin is infused using a fine needle and syringe or an insulin pen.

  • Oral medicines

    Oral or infused drugs are prescribed for diabetic patients. These drugs stimulate your pancreas to deliver and discharge more insulin. Others inhibit the generation and release of glucose from your liver, which makes you require less insulin to transport sugar into your cells.

  • Transplant

    Patients who have type 1 diabetes can go for pancreas transplant. With a successful pancreas transplant, you would no longer require insulin.

When do I contact the doctor?

People who are facing the symptoms of diabetes should contact their doctors and discuss ways that will help them control their blood sugar level. 

Book an Appointment

How does Medanta provide care?

The Endocrinology & Diabetology division offers expert care for various conditions. The institute gives access to a multi-disciplinary team including endocrinologists, diabetic educators, dietitians and a nurse practitioner. The treatment of d..

Consult with experienced doctors

  • Have a question?

    Call us +91 - 124 - 4141414