Diabetic Foot Infection

What is Diabetic Foot Infection?

Diabetic foot infection is an open sore that usually does not heal, and may lead to serious complications. In many cases, they take form of ulcers and provide an entry route for bacteria which caus...

Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms of diabetic foot infection are:

  • Drainage from your foot.
  • Irritation.
  • Unusual swelling.
  • Redness and odour.
  • A black tissue surrounding the ulcer.

Causes

The common causes of diabetic foot infection are:

  • Poor blood circulation.
  • Nerve damage. 
  • Wounded feet.
  • High blood sugar (hyperglycemia). 

 

Risks

Possible risk factors of diabetic foot infection are:

  • Deformity.
  • Amputation.
  • Peripheral artery disease.
  • Neuropathy.
  • Ulceration.

Prevention

Following are some preventive measures to take up:

  • Gentle cleansing of the affected area with soap followed by application of moisturizer.
  • Do not walk barefoot outdoors or indoors.
  • Wear comfortable shoes and avoid wearing tight socks.
  • Do not use heating pads or devices that warm your feet.

How is it diagnosed?

Diabetic foot infection can be diagnosed on the basis of the clinical signs and also the symptoms of local inflammation. Imaging studies are chiefly suggested to spot deep soft tissue. 

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How is it treated?

The treatment of diabetic foot infection depends on the severity of the infection. No matter how moderate or severe the infection is, the patient has to be hospitalized. Its procedure of treatment can range from basic incision and drainage to mult..

  • Antibiotics

    The infections that are mild in nature are always treated with the help of oral antibiotics. 

  • Surgery

    Emergency surgery is needed for a severe infection in case of an ischemic limb, necrotizing fasciitis, gas gangrene, and an infection related to compartment syndrome. Affected bone is surgically excised, and a course of effective antibiotics is prescribed.

When do I contact the doctor?

As soon as you notice visible signs of the disease, visit your doctor immediately.

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