Skin Allergies

What is Skin Allergies?

Skin allergies are referred to as irritated skin with symptoms like bumps, red patches, and itching. They are caused by a number of factors, such as infections, immune system disorders, and reactions to medicines. The various types of skin allergies are; eczema, dermatitis, urticaria and angioedema. Eczema is a common skin problem affecting infants more than adults. The disease is due to drying of the skin, resulting in irritation and inflammation when exposed to environmental factors. It is often linked to asthma, allergic rhinitis, or certain types of food allergies. Dermatitis is a type of allergy that occurs when skin comes in contact with a certain type of alloy or allergen. People develop allergic reactions to alloys like nickel, causing red patches, irritation, and itching. Urticaria is another kind of allergy, and is also referred to as hives. It is triggered when the immune system produces the histamine hormone. It causes small blood vessels under the skin to leak and cause swelling. Angioedema is swelling underneath the skin. It is usually a reaction to a trigger, such as a medication or something a person is allergic to. All these types of skin allergies together might cause a lot of trouble to our sensitive skin, but the advancement of cutting edge technology also gives us access to a thorough treatment of it.


Redness, itching, and swelling are common symptoms associated with skin allergies. Specific symptoms of skin allergies are:

  • Itchy or dry skin with fluid oozing from the crusts.
  • Red, itchy, white bumps on the eyes, cheeks, and lips.
  • Swelling or inflammation.


It takes 10 days for an allergic reaction to develop in the human body, after which it may hit within minutes of coming in contact with a trigger. The most common causes of skin allergies are:

  • Sunscreens and sprays.
  • Medicinal reactions to anti-itch creams and antibiotics.
  • Perfumes and fragrances.
  • Cleaning and washing agents like detergents and toilet cleaners.
  • Chemicals and fumes.


An allergic person should adopt a healthy lifestyle while avoiding the following:
Contact with an allergic person.

  • Smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Use of hairsprays, perfumes, alloys, and food that could trigger a reaction.


In order to prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of the following:

  • Avoiding smoking and drinking.
  • Avoiding spicy or less healthy food.
  • Covering the particular area of the body, while exposed to sun.
  • Using sunscreens that are prescribed by the doctor.

How is it diagnosed?

The doctor will note down the series of events that could have triggered the allergic reaction. At Medanta, following are the procedures to diagnose the disease: 


How is it treated?

The best method to treat any skin allergy is prevention. Objects and chemicals that are known to trigger a reaction should be avoided. A person should avoid scratching and itching, and use over-the counter or home remedies to relieve discomfort. A..

When do I contact the doctor?

You should immediately consult a doctor, if you begin to face symptoms like redness of the skin, swelling, inflammation, and white bumps around cheeks, eyes, or lips. All your symptoms will be treated just right with the help of our medical expertise at Medanta. 

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