Dental Malocclusions

What is Dental Malocclusion?

Dental Malocclusion is a condition in which your teeth are misaligned. It happens when your upper jaw and teeth overlap the lower jaw and teeth. The condition is also known as crowded teeth, misaligned teeth, crossbite, overbite, underbite, and open bite.

In this condition, the teeth are not able to perform their normal function. If left untreated, it can lead to complex oral health conditions, including digestive problems.


Common symptoms of dental malocclusions include-

  • Abnormally aligned teeth.
  • Abnormal face shape.
  • A problem in eating food.
  • A problem in speech.
  • Keeping your mouth open for breathing


Some common causes of dental malocclusions are:

  • Genetics.
  • Thumb-sucking during your childhood.
  • Misshapen dental fittings.
  • Jaw fracture or injury.
  • Prolonged use of milk bottle during childhood.
  • Tumours in the jaw or mouth.


Possible risks of dental malocclusions are:

  • Tooth decay.
  • Irritation of mouth and gums (gingivitis) caused by appliances,
  • Discomfort during treatment.
  • Chewing or speaking difficulty during treatment.


It is a hereditary condition and is difficult to prevent. However, parents can prevent their children from developing it by being more careful during the early years. For example: preventing long usage of milk bottles, etc

How is it diagnosed?

The dentist will be able to assess the problem by noticing the visible misalignment. A small routine test will be conducted to examine the exact condition. The dentist will observe the motion of th...

How is it treated?

Our orthodontist at Medanta will provide you treatment.


  • Clinical treatment

    Sometimes, teeth misalignment is not a major problem and does not really require treatment. However, malocclusion requires clinical attention to maintain oral hygiene. It is required to prevent tooth decay and other gum diseases. Through treatment, the stress on your teeth, jaw line, and surrounding muscles is reduced. Also, there is no risk of joint disorders later.

  • Surgeries

    Any kind of overlapping or overcrowding of teeth and jaw is likely to be treated, by removing the misaligned tooth. It can be more than one tooth. Misaligned teeth can also be shaped, crapped, or repaired. This medical procedure can be surgical to put the jaw in shape. The jaw bone is also stabilised using medical instruments like braces, plates, or screws. Personal oral hygiene is a very important part of the treatment. The dentist will recommend the patient to floss his/her teeth after dental implants have been placed in their mouth

When do I contact the doctor?

Misaligned jaws can be easily noticed when permanent tooth begins to erupt in a child. This generally happens when the child is between 8 – 14 years of age. If you spot such symptoms, visit your doctor immediately for a check up.

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