Steps to take before the surgery
As the first part of the treatment, physical examination and tests will be done by the doctor in order to examine the prime areas of cancer. CT scan, X-ray tests, and MRI are common diagnostic tests. Sometimes, marks may be drawn on the areas to be treated to help the radiographer to position the areas affected by cancer.
What happens during the treatment?
The patient will lie on a treatment table or therapy couch. Sometimes plastic moulds are used to help the patient sit in the correct position. High energy beam of radiation will be directed on the marked spots through a machine called linear accelerator. Once the therapy starts the machine will rotate around to give the treatment from different angles. The session takes a few minutes.
After the procedure
The treatment is done on an outpatient basis. But, a patient undergoing chemotherapy will require hospital admission. The doctor may prescribe a few medicines such as steroids or blood thinners, on a preventive basis to minimise the after-effects of the treatment.