Stomach Cancer

What is Stomach Cancer?

Well known as gastric cancer, stomach cancer is identified by the expansion of cancerous cells within the lining of the stomach. This cancer can metastasize to other parts of the body, including the liver, bones, lungs and lymph nodes. Different sections of the stomach cause different symptoms and hence different results. It takes many years for the growth of stomach cancer. According to global reports and research, stomach cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer but now the rates have been falling worldwide.


In the early stages of stomach cancer, many signs and symptoms are hard to recognise. Some of the main signs and symptoms of stomach cancer are:

  • Feeling bloated after meals
  • Fatigue
  • Stomach pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Unexplained, persistent nausea


According to some research, stomach cancer is caused by:

  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Genetics



There are many factors that can increase your increase of stomach cancer:

  • A diet high in salty and pickled foods
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to asbestos
  • Long-term stomach inflammation
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Stomach polyps


  • Avoid smoking
  • Regular exercise
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables
  • Avoid less smoked or pickled foods
  • Wear protective garments if working in coal mining, industries, etc.

How is it diagnosed?

To find the existence and severity of stomach cancer, many tests and procedures are available.


How is it treated?


  • Surgery

    Depending on the stage and type of stomach cancer, surgery may be done to eliminate the cancer and part or nearby affected lymph nodes.

  • Chemotherapy

    Inoculated via mouth as pills or into a vein, anti-cancer drugs are being utilized by chemotherapy during the treatment of stomach cancer.

  • Radiation therapy

    Radiation therapy uses powerful particles and rays to kill cancer cells in a particular area of the body.

  • Targeted therapies

    There are certain targeted therapies and drugs that can help stop or slow the spread and growth of cancer cells.

When do I contact the doctor?

One should visit a doctor as soon as the person start noticing any signs and symptoms of stomach cancer. As this cancer may metastasize to other parts of the body, so early treatment can help control or stop these symptoms.

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How does Medanta provide care?

The Gastroenterology Division at Medanta’s Institute of Digestive and Hepatobiliary Sciences aims at providing the best treatments to patients with the worst cases ..

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