Oesophageal Cancer

What is Oesophageal Cancer?

Oesophageal cancer is cancer that happens in oesophageal, the food pipe that runs from your throat to stomach. Oesophageal is a part of the digestive system that helps to transport the food you swallow. Oesophageal cancer is an infectious tumour which starts in the mucosa and with the growth of tumour, it may spread to other parts of the body. This cancer is often found in the bottom section of the oesophageal. There are two types of oesophageal cancer- adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. With more frequent in men than in women, the treatments depend on cancer’s location and stage.


The symptoms of this cancer might include:

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Weight loss
  • Pain swallowing
  • Hoarse voice
  • Worsening indigestion or heartburn


The exact causes of oesophageal cancer are not clear. Although smoking is one major factor responsible for increasing the risk of this disease. This cancer will continue to grow if left untreated.


The risk factors associated with this disease include:

  • Smoking
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Obesity
  • Very hot drinks
  • Having bile reflux
  • Not eating enough fruits and vegetables


  • Limit alcohol intake
  • Stop smoking
  • Regular exercise
  • Eat a healthy diet

How is it diagnosed?

The diagnosis of this cancer begins with a brief of patient’s existing symptoms, medical history and family history. Physical exam and other tests will follow after the briefing.


How is it treated?

After the completion of diagnosis and proper study of its main cause, certain options are there in the course of treatment.


  • Surgery

    There are various types of surgeries for oesophageal cancer. The prime aim is to remove all of the cancer and nearby lymph nodes.

  • Radiotherapy

    Radiation therapy or radiotherapy is a medical procedure that applies high energy radiation and kills the cancerous cells in the pancreas.

  • Chemotherapy

    Inoculated via mouth as pills or into a vein, anti-cancer drugs are being utilized by chemotherapy during the treatment of oesophageal cancer.

When do I contact the doctor?

One should consult the doctor as soon as they start noticing any signs or symptoms of oesophageal cancer. This disease could be extremely harmful to the health of the victim and should be treated as soon as possible.

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How does Medanta provide care?

The Cancer Institute at Medanta was established in 2010 with a vision of being a one-stop destination for solutions to all cancer patients. The Medanta Cancer Institute comprises the Division of Medical and Haemato-Oncology, Division of Radiation ..

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