Sentinel node excision is a medical procedure performed to take out lymph node tissues to examine them for cancer. The surgery is done to see if the cancer has spread from the o...
Sentinel node excision is a medical procedure performed to take out lymph node tissues to examine them for cancer. The surgery is done to see if the cancer has spread from the original cancer site to the other site and the nearby organs.
A sentinel node excision is preferred because it is not as extensive as lymph node dissection. The surgery efficiently takes out the lymph node tissues to inspect for cancer, an...
A sentinel node excision is preferred because it is not as extensive as lymph node dissection. The surgery efficiently takes out the lymph node tissues to inspect for cancer, and, if need be, additional surgeries are done to loom more at lymph nodes.
Steps to take before the surgery
The patient will be given specific instructions on how the preparation is to be done. Our doctor at Medanta will guide the patient on what to eat and drink, and vitamins and medications that should be taken or avoided. However, no specific preparation is required for the procedure.
What happens during the process?
Firstly, the surgeon will inject a blue or black dye, and a radioactive substance, or both of them into the area that surrounds the tumour. This injection is usually given under or around the areola, which is the darker area that surrounds the nipple. Then, the surgeon makes an incision under the arm and either follows the radioactive signal or finds the lymph nodes that are stained from the dye and removes them.. Once the tumour is located, the surgeons discard the lymph node completely. The removed parts are sent to the pathology lab for examination.
After the procedure
After the process is complete, the patient is moved to the room where the special health care team monitors the patient for any complication or allergy that might have developed due to the procedure or anaesthesia. If any other surgery is not involved, the patient is allowed to go home on the very same day. It is completely on the severity of the situation, how early the patient can return to daily life.
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