Haematemesis can present in various forms depending on the amount and type of blood in vomit. The types of haematemesis include:
This type of haematemesis occurs when partially digested blood appears as coffee grounds in vomit. Coffee-ground haematemesis typically indicates bleeding in the stomach or upper small intestine.
Bright red Haematemesis
Bright red haematemesis is characterised by the presence of fresh blood in vomit. This type of haematemesis usually results from bleeding in the lower oesophagus, stomach, or duodenum.
Clotted haematemesis is characterised by the presence of blood clots in vomit. This type of haematemesis is usually indicative of heavy bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract.