Children these days have more eye problems than ever before, owing to the change in lifestyle and education system in India. When a child’s vision suffers, his or her schoolwork does, too. An increased emphasis on competition and the advancement of technology has led to children spending more than four hours in front of their computer screens and tablets to study or do their homework.
Good vision depends on the clarity and health of your eye lens. Prolonged exposure to digital screens and unhealthy diets can also play a part in damaging your vision. Here are some of the most common vision problems that can affect children:
The above-mentioned disorders can lead to refractive errors, different prescriptions, or blurred vision among children.
Early detection of problems has a better chance of being treated successfully.
Up to 1 year of age:
Vision problems such as a lazy eye (amblyopia) may have no warning signs. Hence, it's important at this time to have your child's vision checked. There are specific tests that check your child's vision even before he or she can read. Consult your ophthalmologist for more details.
If you notice any of the following signs or symptoms, let your child's doctor know:
Learning disabilities are psychological disorders that affect learning but they are not vision problems. However, learning-related vision problems may coexist with learning disabilities.
If your child frequently showcases poor handwriting, reverses letters while reading or writing, doesn’t like or has difficulty with writing or math, consistently mistakes his left for his right or vice versa, doesn’t verbally express himself or herself, or consistently behaves inappropriately in social situations, then seek help.
Ophthalmologists and paediatricians suggest a vision screening (a first-level eye exam that alerts you about any vision impairments) should be a part of a routine health-checkup for your child. However, it is best to consult an ophthalmologist or optometrist to decide on how often you should take your child for screening.
Taking care of your child’s eyes in childhood can help her have a lifetime of healthy vision.