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What is Marfan Syndrome?

Marfan syndrome is a disorder that affects the connective tissues of your organs and body structures. These connective tissues exist between two organs and support them. This is an inherited disorder..

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Marfan syndrome is a disorder that affects the connective tissues of your organs and body structures. These connective tissues exist between two organs and support them. This is an inherited disorder and usually affects heart, eyes, blood vessels and skeleton. Those with Marfan syndrome are usually tall, thin and with disproportionately long fingers, legs, arms and toes. Although the severity of the damages caused could range from mild to severe, it could be life-threatening if the aorta, the blood vessel that supplies blood from your heart to all other parts, gets affected by Marfan syndrome.

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Marfan Syndrome
Symptoms
Symptoms

The symptoms of Marfan syndrome tend to vary a lot within members of the same family depending on the area affected in the disorder. Usually, the complications worsen with increasing age. People with Marfan syndrome may have:

  •  Slender and tall built
  • Long arms, legs and fingers which are disproportionate
  • Arched and high palate
  • Crowded teeth
  • Murmurs in the heart
  • Spine that is curved abnormally
  • Flat feet
  • Breastbone protruding outward
  • Breastbone dipping inward
  • Extremely nearsighted

 

Causes
Causes

Marfan syndrome is caused by a defect in your genes that is responsible for producing proteins of the connective tissues. These proteins are responsible for the elasticity and strength of the connective tissues. Mostly, Marfan syndrome is passed on from parent to child. A child being born to a parent with the syndrome will have 50% chance of being born with the defect. But in some cases, the baby develops the syndrome owing to genetic mutations, even when neither parent has Marfan syndrome. Marfan syndrome is known to affect people of all races, genders and ethnic groups. Because the problem lies in the genes, the greatest risk factor is when you have a parent with the disorder.

Risks
Risks

Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder and you would be at risk if you have a parent with the same disorder.

Prevention
Prevention

Although prevention is not possible owing to genetic causes, you could take certain precautionary measures such as:

  • Staying fit by eating healthy food
  • Exercising regularly
  • Following medications to prevent clotting of blood

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Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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