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Pharyngeal Cancer
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What is Pharyngeal Cancer?

Pharyngeal cancer is a rare type of head and neck cancer. It is also known as the cancer of the pharynx. Like other types of cancers, pharyngeal cancer also has specific symptoms and requires proper d..

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Pharyngeal cancer is a rare type of head and neck cancer. It is also known as the cancer of the pharynx. Like other types of cancers, pharyngeal cancer also has specific symptoms and requires proper diagnosis to know the best form of treatment. The pharynx is a part of the throat located behind the nasal cavity and mouth and above the oesophagus and the larynx. Development of cancer cells to any part of the pharynx leads to pharyngeal cancer. Pharyngeal cancer can occur in any of the three locations, namely oropharynx, hypopharynx, and nasopharynx. Tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, and HPV (human papillomavirus) are the most common reasons for this kind of cancer. Depending upon the location of the cancer, the symptoms may further differ upon facing any or multiple of the symptoms.

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Pharyngeal Cancer
Symptoms
Symptoms

It is always advisable to visit a specialist to understand the exact reason. The symptoms of pharyngeal cancer include:

  • Persistent headache.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Bleeding nose.
  • Ringing ears.
  • Lesions in the mouth.
  • Unexplained white or red patches.

Causes
Causes

The most probable causes of this disease include:

  • Improper dental hygiene.
  • Smoking.
  • Cells developing genetic mutations in your throat.
  • Formation of tumour in the throat.
  • Alcohol consumption.

Risks
Risks

The main risk factors include:

  • Wheezing.
  • Weight loss.
  • Ear pain.
  • Hoarseness.
  • Constant cough.

Prevention
Prevention

In order to prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of the following:

  • Reducing the tendency to smoke.
  • Reducing the intake of alcohol.
  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Doctors, Pioneers, Life Savers

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned institutions, our highly experienced doctors are distinguished experts in their respective specialities. Our doctors work full-time and exclusively across Medanta hospitals. In addition to offering superspecialised care in their own field, the Medanta organisational structure enables every doctor to help create a culture of collaboration and multispecialty care integration.

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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