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Bowen’s Disease
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What is Bowen’s Disease?

Intraepidermal squamous cell carcinoma or Bowen’s disease is named after the American dermatologist John. T. Bowen. Bowen’s disease is a skin disease that marks the early onset of skin cancer. The mai..

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Intraepidermal squamous cell carcinoma or Bowen’s disease is named after the American dermatologist John. T. Bowen. Bowen’s disease is a skin disease that marks the early onset of skin cancer. The main symptom of Bowen’s disease is a red, scaly patch.The disease affects the squamous cells in the outermost skin layer. It starts as a slow growing small patch on sun-exposed area like hands, neck, face, etc. The formation of a boil or bump on the affected area indicates formation of aggressive squamous cell cancer. If left untreated, it can spread further, affecting a larger area. The patch grows at a very slow rate and may bleed at times. It may be mistaken with a ringworm or psoriasis disease. Patches in this disease can be a few millimeters in diameter, but can grow to centimeters.

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Bowen’s Disease
Symptoms
Symptoms

The first symptom of Bowen’s disease is a red looking patch with an uneven boundary. The patch may appear on an area of the skin, especially the sun exposed area. Few of the other symptoms include:

  • Ulcer.
  • Bleeding lump.

Causes
Causes

The main causes of this disease include:

  • Exposure to UV radiations.
  • Formation of mutant clone gene, p53.
  • Uncontrolled growth of skin cells.

Risks
Risks

The major risk factors of this disease include:

  • Long-term sun exposure and sun burns.
  • Previous history of carcinoma.
  • Skin injury that caused skin damage or scarring.
  • Skin inflammation like eczema.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) that affects the skin lining and mucosa.

 

Prevention
Prevention

In order to prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of the following:

  • Using a sunscreen which has at least SPF 15.
  • Staying in the shade as much as possible.
  • Covering up the skin while exposure to sun.

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Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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