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Traumatic Brain Injury
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What is traumatic brain injury?

Brain dysfunction as a result of any kind of external mechanical force causes traumatic brain injury (TBI). A violent blow or jolt to the head or body is usually the main cause of TBI. In the case of..

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Brain dysfunction as a result of any kind of external mechanical force causes traumatic brain injury (TBI). A violent blow or jolt to the head or body is usually the main cause of TBI. In the case of an object entering the skull, such as a bullet, or a piece of the skull itself may also result in TBI. A severe traumatic brain injury can lead to serious problems like torn brain tissues, bruising, bleeding, and other physical damages to the brain. Mild TBI may result in milder and temporary dysfunction of the brain cells.

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Traumatic Brain Injury
Symptoms
Symptoms

The signs and symptoms include:

  • Dazed, confused, or disoriented.
  • Losing consciousness for a few seconds to minutes.
  • Headaches and vomiting/nausea.
  • Difficulty in sleeping or sleeping more than usual.
  • Blurred vision and ringing in the ear.
  • Change in ability to smell, or bad taste in the mouth.
  • Unusual sensitivity to sound or light

Causes
Causes

The major causes of this disease are:

  • Open and close head injury.
  • Deceleration injury.
  • Hypoxia (Lack of oxygen).
  • Tumor
  • Infection
  • Stroke

Risks
Risks

The people most at risk of this disease are:

  • Children (especially infants to 5 years of age).
  • Young adults (15-25 years of age).
  • Adults (75 and older).

Prevention
Prevention

To prevent the occurrence of this disease, these are certain things one should take care of:

  • Wearing seat belts while travelling in vehicles.
  • Not driving under the effect of alcohol.
  • Wearing helmets.
  • Preventing falls.
  • Preventing head injuries

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Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned institutions, our highly experienced doctors are distinguished experts in their respective specialities. Our doctors work full-time and exclusively across Medanta hospitals. In addition to offering superspecialised care in their own field, the Medanta organisational structure enables every doctor to help create a culture of collaboration and multispecialty care integration.

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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