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Craniosynostosis
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What is Craniosynostosis?

Craniosynostosis is a birth condition, in which a baby’s skull development is defective. It occurs when the fibrous joints in the baby’s skull get attached to each other, prematurely. Fibrous joints a..

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Craniosynostosis is a birth condition, in which a baby’s skull development is defective. It occurs when the fibrous joints in the baby’s skull get attached to each other, prematurely. Fibrous joints are immovable joints and are connected to each other through fibrous connective tissue (known as collagen). The skull bones are connected by fibrous joints called sutures. In human anatomy, the bundle of collagen or fibrous tissue (known as tendons) attaches muscles to the bones. In craniosynostosis, the baby has a premature fusion of statures between the bones. Craniosynostosis can also indicate one or more suture fusion. It occurs before the baby’s brain fully develops. However, it does not stop brain growth, and a result, your baby is at a risk of having a deformed head shape. There are many types of craniosynostosis involving fusion of a single suture or multiple sutures. Single fusion is a more common incidence. Depending upon the severity, the child can be diagnosed with complex craniosynostosis (multiple fusions occur). Multiple fusions are linked to syndromic craniosynostosis (genetic syndrome).

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Craniosynostosis
Symptoms
Symptoms

A baby’s skull has seven bones, which are held together by fibrous tissues. During the baby’s brain growth, these sutures remain in a flexible mode, giving it space to grow. Under normal circumstances, the bones will naturally fuse when the baby is about 2 years old. The common symptoms of the disease include:

  • A misshapen head.
  • Wrinkles in the area of the affected.
  • Slow growth of the baby’s head.

 

Causes
Causes

Craniosynostosis can be genetic disorder. Sometimes the causes is not known. It can occur due to a combination of genes and environmental factors. They include:

  • Genetic syndrome such as apert syndrome (a rare genetic disorder which occurs because of a mutated gene).
  • Pfeiffer syndrome (random gene mutations).
  • Crouzon syndrome (gene mutation).

 

Risks
Risks

It is important for the child to get treatment in time. If the treatment is not in time, then craniosynostosis can cause permanent head and facial deformation, making the child feel socially conscious. The other main risk factors include: 

  • Slowed brain growth.
  • Cognitive disability.
  • Lack of energy.
  • Blindness or eye disorders.
  • Fits.

 

Prevention
Prevention

In order to prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of the following:

  • Monitoring your child’s medicines.
  • Protecting your child from accident.
  • Giving nutritious diet to your child, and seeking medical help in time.

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Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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