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Coronary Artery Disease
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What is Coronary Artery Disease?

Coronary arteries are the major blood vessels that carry blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the heart. Coronary artery disease develops when your coronary artery gets damaged or afflicted. The building u..

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Coronary arteries are the major blood vessels that carry blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the heart. Coronary artery disease develops when your coronary artery gets damaged or afflicted. The building up of plaques causes the arteries to become narrow, thereby decreasing the flow of blood to the heart. Gradually, the decrease in the flow of blood may result in angina or chest pain, shortness of breath, and other symptoms. If there is a complete blockage, it may result in a heart attack. Coronary artery disease gets developed over decades, and, therefore, can go unnoticed until the last phase of heart attack. Timely medication and preventive actions contribute a great deal. You could start by committing to a healthy lifestyle.

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Coronary Artery Disease
Symptoms
Symptoms

The most significant symptom of coronary artery disease is chest pain, or angina. It is usually mistaken for heartburn or ingestion. Angina can be characterized with pressure, ache, burning sensation, numbness, squeezing in the chest. Sometimes, it can also be experienced in the arms, left shoulder, jaw, neck or back.
Other symptoms might be –
Faster heartbeat.
Dizziness or weakness.
Shortness of breath.
Nausea.
Palpitations – Irregular heartbeats or skipped heartbeats.
Excessive sweating.

Causes
Causes

Some of the most probable causes of coronary artery disease include –

High Cholesterol.
High blood pressure.
Smoking.

Sedentary lifestyle and obesity.
Diabetes or insulin resistance.
Age

Risks
Risks

The prime risk factors include:
Smoking.
Obesity and overweight.
Fatigue and dizziness.
Improper diet.
High blood pressure.

Prevention
Prevention

To prevent the occurrence of Coronary Artery Disease, one should take care of few things:
Management of stress.
Healthy eating.
Proper physical workout.
Quitting smoking.

How is it diagnosed?

At Medanta, your doctor might use any of these methods for diagnosis of the complexity of your problem –

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Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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FAQ’s
Who’s at risk?
Osteoarthritis is initially characterised by a loss of joint cartilage, which thins and eventually ends up affecting the bone that forms part of the joint (subchondral bone). There may be some degree of inflammation in osteoarthritis, but this is much less evident than in rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is much more common than rheumatoid arthritis and has a clear association with age, being a disease that is predominantly seen in people of more than 45-50 years of age.
What are the symptoms of PAD?
Osteoarthritis is initially characterised by a loss of joint cartilage, which thins and eventually ends up affecting the bone that forms part of the joint (subchondral bone). There may be some degree of inflammation in osteoarthritis, but this is much less evident than in rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is much more common than rheumatoid arthritis and has a clear association with age, being a disease that is predominantly seen in people of more than 45-50 years of age.
How can you prevent heart disease?
Osteoarthritis is initially characterised by a loss of joint cartilage, which thins and eventually ends up affecting the bone that forms part of the joint (subchondral bone). There may be some degree of inflammation in osteoarthritis, but this is much less evident than in rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is much more common than rheumatoid arthritis and has a clear association with age, being a disease that is predominantly seen in people of more than 45-50 years of age.
How does American Heart Month make a difference?
Osteoarthritis is initially characterised by a loss of joint cartilage, which thins and eventually ends up affecting the bone that forms part of the joint (subchondral bone). There may be some degree of inflammation in osteoarthritis, but this is much less evident than in rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is much more common than rheumatoid arthritis and has a clear association with age, being a disease that is predominantly seen in people of more than 45-50 years of age.
What's the Link Between Smoking and Heart Disease?
Osteoarthritis is initially characterised by a loss of joint cartilage, which thins and eventually ends up affecting the bone that forms part of the joint (subchondral bone). There may be some degree of inflammation in osteoarthritis, but this is much less evident than in rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is much more common than rheumatoid arthritis and has a clear association with age, being a disease that is predominantly seen in people of more than 45-50 years of age.
What Are the Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease?
Osteoarthritis is initially characterised by a loss of joint cartilage, which thins and eventually ends up affecting the bone that forms part of the joint (subchondral bone). There may be some degree of inflammation in osteoarthritis, but this is much less evident than in rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is much more common than rheumatoid arthritis and has a clear association with age, being a disease that is predominantly seen in people of more than 45-50 years of age.
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