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Maxillary and Mandibular Fractures

Fractures of the upper jaw are known as “maxilla”, and of the lower jaw are known as “mandible”. Maxillary and mandibular fractures are used interchangeably, as both of them refer to jaw fractures or..

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Fractures of the upper jaw are known as “maxilla”, and of the lower jaw are known as “mandible”. Maxillary and mandibular fractures are used interchangeably, as both of them refer to jaw fractures or facial fractures. The maxilla fracture includes a broken jaw, a broken nose, orbital bones or eye sockets, and any damage to other facial structure bones. Mandibular fracture is a medical emergency, and at the same time, it is a common occurrence. A jaw bone fracture is likely to block the airway. It has to be treated properly and in time, as it can make the face look disfigured. There is an attached risk of oral cavity, nasal cavity, and therefore, can be life-threatening too. Maxillary fractures account for approximately 6-25% of all facial fractures

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Maxillary and Mandibular Fractures
Symptoms
symptoms

The common symptoms of this disease include:

  • Jaw pain.
  • Face pain.
  • Pain in front side of the ear.
  • Excessive pain during jaw movement.
  • Swelling and bruises on the face.
  • Bleeding from the mouth.

Causes
causes

A mandible fracture can be a result of a direct trauma. It can affect the temporomandibular joint (the bone connected with the skull and assists in jaw movement). The major causes of this disease include:

  • Keeping his/her mouth open for long during dental procedures.
  • Excessive yawning.
  • Severe facial injury.
  • It can occur after a car accident, and the impact can be higher under conditions like midface hit on the steering.
  • Physical assault, sport accidents, or fall by the face.

Risks
risks

The main risk factors include:

  • Shock.
  • Injury to surrounding organs.
  • Bleeding.
  • Infection.
  • Rain damage or coma, and in worst cases, death.

 

Prevention
prevention

You can save yourself from a likely injury by following certain steps. Prevent the disease from happening by:

  • Driving at a moderate speed.
  • Wearing a seatbelt while driving.
  • Following all the traffic rules wisely.

Doctors, Pioneers, Life Savers

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned institutions, our highly experienced doctors are distinguished experts in their respective specialities. Our doctors work full-time and exclusively across Medanta hospitals. In addition to offering superspecialised care in their own field, the Medanta organisational structure enables every doctor to help create a culture of collaboration and multispecialty care integration.

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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