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What is Intradural spinal Tumour?

Intradural spinal mass lesions or tumours are uncommon compared to intracranial or extradural masses, and affect only a minority of the population, and can be challenging to diagnose. Most tumours in..

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Intradural spinal mass lesions or tumours are uncommon compared to intracranial or extradural masses, and affect only a minority of the population, and can be challenging to diagnose. Most tumours in the spine are metastatic which means they spread from another part of the body into the spinal region. Intradural spinal tumours are located in the part of the dura in the spinal cord. Intradural tumours can be classified as intramedullary or extramedullary. Intramedullary tumour is known to be located within the spinal parenchyma, and extramedullary tumour is found within the dura, but outside the spinal parenchyma. Common extramedullary tumours include meningiomas, and schwannomas, while intramedullary tumours include astrocytomas, and intramedullary ependymomas. It is a rare tumour that can be associated with dysraphic defects. The origin of these tumours is traditionally thought to be secondary to primordial germ cells.

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Intradural Spinal Tumour
Symptoms
symptoms

Primary spinal cord tumours constitute 2% to 4% of all central nervous system neoplasms, and are characterized based on their location as intramedullary, intradural extramedullary, and extradural. Some common symptoms are:

  • Severe pain in the neck and back.
  • Neurological problems such as weakness or numbness in the arms and legs.
  • Focal spine pain that is worse in the morning.
  • Back pain along with constitutional symptoms.
  • Spinal nerve compression.
  • Incontinence and decreased sensitivity in the saddle area.

 

Causes
causes

Some of the most probable causes of this disease are:

  • Defect in the genes.
  • Exposure to chemicals.
  • Inherited syndromes such as Von Hippel-Lindau disease and Neurofibromatosis.

 

Risks
risks

The prime risk factors are:

  • A prior history of cancer.
  • Von Hippel-Lindau disease.
  • Neurofibromatosis.

 

Prevention
prevention

To prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of the following things:

  • Avoid stress and smoking.
  • Take a healthy diet and sleep.
  • Exercise regularly.

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Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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