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Extradural Spinal Tumour
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What is Extradural Spinal Tumour?

The spinal cord is surrounded by tough fibrous covering called the dura. The spinal cord and dura are located within the vertebral column. Tumours can occur in any of these parts. There are three type..

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The spinal cord is surrounded by tough fibrous covering called the dura. The spinal cord and dura are located within the vertebral column. Tumours can occur in any of these parts. There are three types of spinal tumour classified according to their location. Intramedullary tumour, which occurs within the substance of the spinal cord itself or generally in the cervical spinal cord. They are considered most uncommon. They are associated with a dilated fluid cavity called syrinx. Extradural tumour, is a type that grows within the supporting network of cells around the spinal cord. They usually originate in the vertebrae. They can be metastatic or can spread from the primary tumour site through the blood to the spinal cord. The third kind is the Intradural-extramedullary tumour, which grows between the spinal cord and the dura. Such tumours can cause spinal cord compression. These kind of tumours are generally rare, and constitute about 4% of all kinds of spinal tumours. These tumours can give various surgical challenges and their aggressive nature makes it difficult to achieve a clean tumour margin, while reducing the condition of being diseased heavily. However, some molecular drugs, might increase rates of survival and improve overall outcomes.

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Extradural Spinal Tumour
Symptoms
Symptoms

The following may be the symptoms associated with the extradural spinal tumour:

  • Pain in the cervical spine or back.
  • Weakness of arms and legs.
  • Pinching in the nerves.
  • Decrease in the sensitivity of the bowel and involuntary urination.
  • Back pain accompanied by unplanned weight loss.
  • Vomiting or fever, chills or shakes.
  • Paralysis occurring in different parts of the body.

 

Causes
Causes

Although, it is difficult to tell the causes of this disease, some of the probable causes include:

  • Defective genes.
  • Exposure to certain chemicals.
  • Inherited syndromes such as neurofibromatosis.

 

Risks
Risks

The main risk factors are:

  • Compression of spinal cord and nerves.
  • Loss of movement and sensation.
  • Changes in bowel and bladder function.
  • Permanent nerve damage.

 

Prevention
Prevention

To prevent the occurrence of this disease, there are certain things one should take care of: 

  • Taking a good diet.
  • Avoiding stress.
  • Taking a sound sleep.

Doctors, Pioneers, Life Savers

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned institutions, our highly experienced doctors are distinguished experts in their respective specialities. Our doctors work full-time and exclusively across Medanta hospitals. In addition to offering superspecialised care in their own field, the Medanta organisational structure enables every doctor to help create a culture of collaboration and multispecialty care integration.

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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