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What is Peritonitis?

Peritonitis is referred to as the inflammation of peritoneum, a thin layer of tissue that covers the inside of the abdomen and other abdominal organs. It may occur as a generalized or localized condit..

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Peritonitis is referred to as the inflammation of peritoneum, a thin layer of tissue that covers the inside of the abdomen and other abdominal organs. It may occur as a generalized or localized condition resulting from infection of blood or rupture of an abdominal organ. Being a serious condition it needs immediate medical attention and care. An unattended/ignored infection can often be life threatening if not treated immediately. It is seen as a serious condition that needs immediate medical attention. Sometimes, it is very important to remove infected tissue through a surgery. There are other means also that can help curb this disease.

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Peritonitis
Symptoms
Symptoms

The condition can be identified by carefully observing the following symptoms. However, the symptoms may vary from person to person depending on the underlying cause. Common symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, and decreased/minimal urination. Other symptoms can be:

  • Pain and tenderness in the abdomen.
  • Abdominal pain that increases with motion or touch.
  • Bloating or distention of the abdomen.
  • Nausea and vomiting resulting from intestinal paralysis.
  • Diarrhoea.
  • Washboard rigidity. 
  • Anorexia, or loss of appetite leading to weight loss.
  • Excessive thirst or urge to drink water.
  • Fatigue , fever and chills.

 

Causes
Causes

The major causes of the disease include:

  • Perforations or inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease and tuberculosis.
  • Leakage of body fluids like blood, gastric juices, urine, menstruum, pancreatic juice or bile. 
  • Abdominal surgeries which may cause infections in future due to foreign body reactions or adhesions.

 

Risks
Risks

A person is likely to suffer from the disease or get infected if:

  • He had a previous history of peritonitis.
  • Person was or is under influence of alcohol, or consumes alcohol.
  • Has suffered or is suffering from a liver disease.
  • There is fluid accumulation in the abdomen.
  • Has a weak immune system.
  • Is suffering from pelvic inflammatory disease.

Prevention
Prevention

To prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of these things:

  • Clean your skin around the catheter daily.
  • Maintain your medical supplies well.
  • Take a healthy diet and have a good sleep.

Doctors, Pioneers, Life Savers

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned institutions, our highly experienced doctors are distinguished experts in their respective specialities. Our doctors work full-time and exclusively across Medanta hospitals. In addition to offering superspecialised care in their own field, the Medanta organisational structure enables every doctor to help create a culture of collaboration and multispecialty care integration.

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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