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Esophageal Obstruction
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What is Esophageal Obstruction?

Esophageal obstruction, also known as ‘steakhouse syndrome’, is a type of medical emergency caused due to the obstruction of esophagus by ingested foreign body like pork, meat, etc. In medical terms,..

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Esophageal obstruction, also known as ‘steakhouse syndrome’, is a type of medical emergency caused due to the obstruction of esophagus by ingested foreign body like pork, meat, etc. In medical terms, it is a condition which causes narrowing or blocking of the esophagus. The patient thus feels problem in swallowing food. Esophagus is a muscular tube extending from the pharynx to the stomach. In an adult, it is 11-13 inches long, i.e. 28-33 cm long with an internal diameter of 2 cm. The mucosal layer is moist to allow food to pass to the stomach. The major function of the esophagus is to pass liquids or chunks of food (referred as bolus) through the oral cavity to the stomach.

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Esophageal Obstruction
Symptoms
Symptoms

Patients with esophageal Obstruction complain about difficulty in swallowing food. If a patient feels difficulty in swallowing both liquids and solids, it is defined as a motility condition. On the other hand, if difficulty was initially with swallowing solids, and then started to occur also when having liquid; it is called mechanical obstruction. Some typical symptoms of the disease include:

  • Dysphagia.
  • Pain while swallowing.
  • Weight loss.
  • Regurgitation/reflux of food or liquids.
  • Pain In upper chest.
  • Hiccups.
  • Choking.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Fever.

Causes
Causes

Esophageal blockage may be a result of many factors. The most common causes of blockage are as given below:

  • Abnormal or deformed Esophagus: A few common abnormalities which include:
    esophageal atresia, esophageal webs (a condition in which an extra tissue crosses through esophagus), and, schatzki’s ring (a condition that arises due to formation of a ring of thick muscles around the esophagus)
  • An Injury due to some medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen.
  • While swallowing lye products, and/or during endoscopy.
  • Prolonged exposure or use of a nasogastric or stomach tube.
  • Diseases such as esophageal cancer and certain other ailments caused by virus, bacteria can cause narrowing of the esophagus.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux.
  • Excessive vomiting due to anorexia.

 

Risks
Risks

The main risk factors are:

  • Smoking. 
  • Obesity.
  • Alcohol consumption.
  • Having bile reflux.
  • Having gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

 

Prevention
Prevention

To prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of:

  • Avoid smoking.
  • Take a healthy diet.
  • Limit the consumption of alcohol.

Doctors, Pioneers, Life Savers

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned institutions, our highly experienced doctors are distinguished experts in their respective specialities. Our doctors work full-time and exclusively across Medanta hospitals. In addition to offering superspecialised care in their own field, the Medanta organisational structure enables every doctor to help create a culture of collaboration and multispecialty care integration.

Our superspecialist doctors provide the highest quality of care through a team-based, doctor-led model. Trained at some of the world's most renowned i..... Continue Reading

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