Smoking related lung diseases

What are smoking related lung diseases?

There are many proven diseases that are caused, once a person starts smoking regularly. The main reason why smoking is injurious to health is because it hinders our body’s filtering of air and cl...

Symptoms

Symptoms of Asthma

Coughing mostly at night.
Wheezing.
Shortness of breath.
Chest tightness.
Chest pain.
Pain or pressure ln the heart.

Symptoms of Emphysema

Dry cough or with phlegm.
Respiratory difficulty in breathing.
Wheezing.
Fast or rapid breathing.
Shortness of breath.
Fatigue.
Difficulty in walking.
Weight loss.
Anxiety.
Sleeping disorders.

Symptoms of COPD

Prolonged cough.
Cough with mucus.
Short of breath, especially while exercising.
Tightness in your chest

Symptoms of Lung cancer

Coughing with blood.
Wheezing.
Chest pain.
Weight loss.

Causes

Causes of Asthma

Cold air.
Respiratory infections.
Substances that are airborne.
Air pollutants.

Causes of Emphysema

Air pollution.
Dust and chemical fumes.
Marijuana and tobacco smoking

Causes of COPD

Inherited factors such as genes.
Exposure to industrial and chemical dust and fumes.
Smoking

Causes of Lung Cancer

Pollution and occupational exposure.
Radon gas.
Passive smoking

Risks

Risks of Asthma

Being overweight.
Excessive smoking.
Exposure to types of pollution.

Risks of Emphysema

Age.
Smoking.
Exposure to outdoor and indoor pollution.
Exposure to secondhand smoke.

Risks of COPD

Genetics.
People who smoke.
Exposure to tobacco smoke.
Age

Risks of Lung Cancer

Alcohol consumption.
Obesity.
Chronic inflammation.
Homones.

Prevention

Prevention of Asthma

Monitor breathing.
Identify and treat attacks.
Get vaccination for pneumonia and influenza.
Taking medication as prescribed.

Prevention of Emphysema

Maintaining a lifestyle that is healthy.
Avoiding exposure to smoke and pollution.
Receiving medical treatment for respiratory infections.

Prevention of COPD

Quit smoking.
Avoid exposure to irritants in the lungs.
Take vaccines

Prevention of Lung Cancer

Avoid secondhand smoke.
Take a diet full of fruits and vegetables.
Exercise regularly.

How is it diagnosed?

How to quit smoking?


Get sufficient data on anti-effects of quitting smoking. There will be repercussions, but be prepared.

Opt for some nicotine suppli...

How is it treated?

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  • Treatment of Asthma

    At Medanta, following are the means to treat the disease:
    Medications:
    Long term asthma control medications include inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers, combination inhalers, and theophylline
    Quick relief medications include oral and intravenous corticosteroids, atrovent, and short-acting beta agonists.
    Allergy medications: They include immunotherapy and Xolair.
    Bronchial Thermoplasty: This is a procedure to heat the insides of airways in the lungs with an electrode. This will limit the ability of airways to tighten, which makes breathing easier.

  • Treatment of Emphysema

    At Medanta, following are the means to treat the disease:
    Medications: They include bronchodilators, inhaled steroids, and antibiotics.
    Therapy: Few of the treatment therapies include nutrition therapy, supplemental oxygen, and pulmonary rehabilitation.
    Surgery: The treatment therapies include lung transplant and lung volume reduction therapy

  • Treatment of COPD

    At Medanta, following are the means to treat the disease:
    Medications: They include anticholinergics, oral corticosteroids, and Beta2- agonists.
    Antibiotics are also beneficial for the treatment of COPD.
    Surgery: Lung volume reduction surgery, lung transplant, and bullectomy are the various kinds of sugery beneficial for the treatment of COPD

  • Treatment of Lung Cancer

    At Medanta, following are the means to treat the disease:
    Chemotherapy: It makes use of cytotoxic drugs to destroy cancer cells.
    Radiotherapy: It is an effective procedure to treat lung cancer.
    Chemoadiotherapy: It is a combination of both chemotherapy and radiotherapy. One can also know about its possible side effects, if any.

When do I contact the doctor?

You should immediately contact a doctor, as you begin to experience symptoms like wheezing, weight loss, fatigue, chest pain, shortness of breath, and all of the ones stated above. All these symptoms will be treated just right with the help of our medical expertise at Medanta. 

Book an Appointment

How does Medanta provide care?

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Consult with experienced doctors

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