Let us understand more about the cardiac cycle and its stages.
The heart is an organ that pumps blood throughout the body. It takes deoxygenated blood from the body, pumps it to the lungs for oxygenation, brings back oxygenated blood, and pumps it back to the rest of the body, in a single cardiac cycle between its left and right sides. The number of cycles or the speed of cycles is controlled by the conducting system of the heart. The nodes in this system act as pacemakers. However, even when the heart rate is increased, the heart goes through the exact same cycle every single beat. This is made possible by the unique arrangement of the muscle fibers, valves, and conducting nerve fibers within the heart that help trigger contractions in the heart.
The left and right halves of the heart function independently. The right side handles the circulation of deoxygenated blood between the body and the lungs and the left side handles the distribution of oxygenated blood from the lungs, back to the body.
Technically, the cycle is not this simple and involves overlapping stages. This is why you will notice the times of each stage do not add up to a total of 0.8 secs as we discussed. Ideally, the stages are called isovolumetric relaxation, inflow, isovolumetric contraction, and ejection. However, for the sake of simplicity, we will stick to the simpler-to-understand staging.
The heart will not be able to pump efficiently unless these steps are precise in the timing and well-coordinated with each other.
The stages of the cardiac cycle are explained below: