Mouth Ulcers or Canker Sores – Causes, Types & Treatment
- 28 Feb 2023
- #Medanta Blog
- #Medanta Hospital
- #Mouth ulcers causes
Mouth ulcers, also widely called canker sores, are small painful lesions or sores that develop within the mouth or at the base of your gums. They typically develop in the soft tissue lining of your gums, tongue, inner cheeks, inside lips, or palate. Also called aphthous ulcers, these mouth ulcers are usually pink, red, or yellow in colour, depending on their manifestation stage.
While mouth ulcers are mostly harmless, they can be extremely uncomfortable for the affected person to eat, drink, speak, or open their mouth. They could even get worse by brushing their teeth as the bristles rub against the sores causing pain.
All mouth ulcers range in size and shape and their symptoms largely depend on the type of mouth ulcer the affected person has. Most mouth ulcers are harmless and non-contagious. They usually go away within 1-2 weeks, even without any treatment. However, if you’ve developed an unusually large mouth ulcer that is extremely painful, you should see a doctor or a dentist.
Wondering what causes mouth ulcers? While mouth ulcers are those recurrent nuisances that don’t have any definite cause, there are certain risk factors and triggers that lead to their development. The exact cause of mouth ulcers is unknown and its reasons and symptoms vary from one person to another. Here are some common causes of mouth ulcers or canker sores:
The above points are only a trigger of what can lead to the formation of mouth ulcers. The above points are mostly harmless and manageable. However, there are some other signs that can be a cause of something serious or any underlying condition. Such causes require medical attention and proper treatment, these include:
Ulcer symptoms may vary from one person to the other but there are some symptoms that are common to all. Its symptoms also depend on the cause of mouth ulcers. Let’s look at some of the common mouth ulcer symptoms:
You may typically have more than one mouth ulcer at the same time either in the same area or different. Mouth ulcers are typically non-contagious in nature unless they have developed due to an infectious disease like HFM.
Standard and typical mouth ulcers are those that appear on the inside of the cheek and go away on their own within 1-3 weeks without any medical attention. Three main types of mouth ulcers are:
Mouth ulcers are pretty easy to diagnose with a physical examination by the doctor. However, if you have a severe spread of mouth ulcers and doctors are suspecting it to be a viral infection, they may order certain medical tests and investigations to confirm the mouth ulcers diagnosis. Cases with recurrent and severe mouth ulcers are often backed up with certain investigations for diagnosis and treatment.
Most mouth ulcers are harmless, don’t require any mouth ulcer medicine, and heal on their own within 1-3 weeks. However, if you have this tendency of getting painful, severe, and recurrent ulcer breakouts, a bunch of treatment options and certain home remedies can reduce the pain and expedite the healing time and process. These treatment options include some home remedies to help you get rid of mouth ulcers fast:
If you want to save yourself from the unpleasant and painful situation of that of a mouth ulcer, practising the following points below will help:
While mouth ulcers aren’t a dangerous condition, living with them can be painful and uncomfortable. Fortunately, there is a multitude of mouth ulcer treatments available to ease the pain and discomfort. If you notice the following conditions, please see a doctor for mouth ulcers asap:
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