An ileostomy is a surgical procedure in which the surgeon opens the abdominal wall to bring the end or loop of the small intestine out onto the surface of the skin. The intestin...
An ileostomy is a surgical procedure in which the surgeon opens the abdominal wall to bring the end or loop of the small intestine out onto the surface of the skin. The intestinal waste passes out through this opening and is collected in an artificial pouch.
Ileostomy is necessary when the large intestine is not capable of safely processing or releasing the intestinal waste. This happens when the bowel is diseased or damaged, or the...
Ileostomy is necessary when the large intestine is not capable of safely processing or releasing the intestinal waste. This happens when the bowel is diseased or damaged, or the colon and rectum have been cut or removed. It is also done to treat conditions such as colon cancer, rectum cancer, polyps in the colon or rectum, intestinal defects at birth, an injury to the intestine, and bowel obstruction.
Steps to take before the procedure
It is important to inform your doctor about any medicines that you are taking on a daily basis. Also, inform your doctor if you have fever or cold. You will be advised to stop smoking. You have to keep your stomach light and drink plenty of fluids.
What happens during the procedure?
At the beginning of the procedure, your doctor will give you laxatives or enema to clear the intestines. It is done to ease your bowel movement later. The surgery is done under general anaesthesia. A surgical cut will be made in the abdominal wall. Depending on the condition the doctor may remove the rectum and colon, and also stitch your anus closed. Ileostomies are of different types depending on the condition. In conventional or brooke ileostomy, the patient will have an external plastic pouch to collect the faecal waste, while in incontinent or kock ileostomy, no such pouch is required as the patient is able to control the faecal waste.
After the procedure
You will be required to stay in the hospital for a few days, depending upon the exact condition. Initially, your diet will be selective. You will be trained to use the fitted external pouch.
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