Epilepsy

What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy, more commonly known as seizure disorder is a neurological disorder, affecting people of all age groups. Main symptoms of epilepsy include recurrent and unprovoked attacks of seizures. If ...

Symptoms

The main symptom of epilepsy is recurrent seizures, but there are other signs and symptoms that may hint at epilepsy. These are:

  • Abnormal twitching of one side of the body
  • Briefly unresponsive behaviours.
  • Sudden unexplained stiffening.
  • Sudden chewing or blinking.
  • Repetitive body movement that appears abnormal.
  • A sudden fall for no reason
  • Any repetitive confusional state
  • Brief abnormal movements during sleep
  • Sudden jerking of hands with dropping of objects

Causes

There can be various causes that can lead to epilepsy:

  • Brain injury causing scar in the brain

  • Brain infections

  • Brain tumor

  • Stroke or any bleeding in the brain

  • Brain abnormality by birth

  • Brain injury during delivery of the baby

  • Genetic factors in some cases

Risks

The main risk factors are:

  • Head injury.

  • High fever or seizures during childhood.

  • Old Stroke.

  • Brain infections.

    It is more common during early childhood and after the age of 60.

    Alcohol related

    Drug addiction

Prevention

Certain points can be taken care of to prevent the occurrence of epilepsy seizures:

  • Manage your stress levels.
  • Get proper sleep.
  • Adhere to safety rules so as to minimise injury to head.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Avoid drugs and alcohol.

How is it diagnosed?

The first step of diagnosis is a basic physical examination to understand the symptoms, family history, medical history, and an understanding of the overall health of the person. At Medanta, the do...

How is it treated?

Medical treatment- Medical treatment mainly included various medicines for epilepsy. Majority of the patients can be treated easily with single type of medicine. These drugs are safe and can be used for a long-term without much of risk to kidney, ..

  • Medical Procedure

    The doctor may prescribe you certain preventive drugs and antiepileptic drugs.

  • A special diet

    Ketogenic diet that is high in fats and low in carbohydrates is preferred for small children who do not respond to medical therapy.

  • Vagus nerve stimulation

    In it, a device that electronically stimulates the vagus nerve is implanted under the skin to control seizures. Vagus nerve communicates between the brain and other internal organs.

  • Trigeminal nerve stimulation

    It is a new medical treatment that involves stimulation of the trigeminal nerve. The nerve is the communication link between important parts of the brain such as nucleus solitarius, the locus coeruleus, the vagus nerve, and the cerebral cortex.

When do I contact the doctor?

You need to consult the doctor immediately in case of seizures and blackouts. While some of these symptoms may be a result of other medical condition, it is always advisable to receive immediate medical attention. Repeated seizures can cause serious injury and must never be ignored.

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How does Medanta provide care?

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