Epilepsy

What is Epilepsy?

"Epilepsy, more commonly known as seizure disorder is a neurological disorder, affecting people of all age groups. It is a chronic disorder that leads to recurrent and unprovoked seizures. If not d...

Symptoms

The main symptom of epilepsy is recurrent seizures, but there are other signs and symptoms that may hint at epilepsy. These are:

  • Blackouts.
  • Convulsions with no temperature.
  • Recurring fainting, with a loss of bowel or bladder control.
  • Briefly unresponsive behaviours.
  • Sudden unexplained stiffening.
  • Sudden chewing or blinking.
  • Repetitive body movement that appears abnormal.
  • A sudden fall for no reason.

Causes

There can be various causes that can lead to epilepsy:

  • Inherited genetic defect.
  • A genetic disorder that may occur due to change in the genes of a person.
  • Damage to the brain that may be caused due to tumour, stroke, or injury.
  • Prenatal injury.
  • Infectious diseases like meningitis, AIDS, or viral encephalitis.

Risks

The main risk factors are:

  • Family history.
  • It is more common during early childhood and after the age of 60.
  • Head injury.
  • High fever or seizures during childhood.
  • Stroke.
  • Brain infections.
  • Dementia or decline in mental ability in adults.

Prevention

Certain points can be taken care of to prevent the occurrence of epilepsy seizures:

  • Manage your stress levels.
  • Get proper sleep.
  • Adhere to safety rules so as to minimise injury to head.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Avoid drugs and alcohol.

How is it diagnosed?

The first step of diagnosis is a basic physical examination to understand the symptoms, family history, medical history, and an understanding of the overall health of the person. At Medanta, the do...

How is it treated?

After complete diagnosis, and a full understanding of the cause and extent of epilepsy, our doctor at Medanta may decide the particular course of treatment.

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  • Medical Procedure

    The doctor may prescribe you certain preventive drugs and antiepileptic drugs.

  • Surgery

    Surgery is not required in most cases, but if seizures are not controlled by medications then the neurologist may suggest a surgery. During surgery, the part of the brain that causes seizures is removed.

  • A special diet

    Ketogenic diet that is high in fats and low in carbohydrates is preferred for small children who do not respond to medical therapy.

  • Vagus nerve stimulation

    In it, a device that electronically stimulates the vagus nerve is implanted under the skin to control seizures. Vagus nerve communicates between the brain and other internal organs.

  • Trigeminal nerve stimulation

    It is a new medical treatment that involves stimulation of the trigeminal nerve. The nerve is the communication link between important parts of the brain such as nucleus solitarius, the locus coeruleus, the vagus nerve, and the cerebral cortex.

When do I contact the doctor?

You need to consult the doctor immediately in case of seizures and blackouts. While some of these symptoms may be a result of other medical condition, it is always advisable to receive immediate medical attention. Repeated seizures can cause serious injury and must never be ignored.

Book an Appointment

How does Medanta provide care?

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Consult with experienced doctors

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