Anxiety

What is anxiety?

Anxiety disorders differ from normal feelings of nervousness and involve excessive fear or anxiety. Anxiety in particular also refers to anticipation of a future concern and is associated more with...

Symptoms

All anxiety disorders share one major symptom, which is severe or persistent fear and worry. Common symptoms of anxiety might include:

  • Feelings of apprehension or dread
  • Restlessness or trouble concentrating
  • Feeling completely blank
  • Pounding heart, and sweating
  • Headaches, upset stomach, or dizziness
  • Frequent urination or diarrhoea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Muscle tension
  • Fatigue or insomnia

Causes

Common causes of anxiety are:

  • Previous or recent exposure to stressful scenarios or conditions, whether in professional or personal life
  • Excessive intake of caffeine or tobacco
  • Any kind of trauma or abuse
  • Personality traits such as easily flustered or low self esteem

Risks

Some common risk factors of anxiety are:

  • Family history of the disorder
  • Stressful or traumatic environment
  • Hypertension and heart disease
  • Asthma
  • Diabetes

Preventions

The following preventive measures can help save yourself from anxiety:

  • Reduce intake of caffeine
  • Indulge in healthy lifestyle
  • Avoid substances like alcohol and tobacco
  • Keep yourself fit by exercising
  • Make time for a hobby

How is diagnosed?

Our doctor at Medanta might use the following methods to diagnose anxiety:

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How is it treated?

The most accurate approach of treatment depends upon the kind of disorder. Following are the therapies that can be used for  anxiety:

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  • Medication

    Antidepressants, medicines of an anticonvulsant nature, and antipsychotics are used to lessen the symptoms of anxiety disorders.

  • Psychotherapy

     It refers to an exercise of counselling that will address the psychological response to any mental disease.

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy

    It is a specific kind of psychotherapy where the person gets to identify and alter his/her pattern of thoughts that leads to feelings of distress.

  • Changes in the diet and lifestyle

    These changes will help because the kind of food you eat and the exercise you do determines your mind state. Hence switching to a healthier lifestyle will affect your mental health in a positive way.

  • Relaxation therapy

    This therapy helps a lot because it relaxes the body and furthers help the person to be normal.

When do I contact the doctor?

Consult a doctor immediately, if you have constant panic attacks, feel afraid and nervous frequently, and experience feelings of phobia.

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