Allergic Rhinitis

What is Allergic Rhinitis?

Allergic Rhinitis, commonly known as hay fever, is one of the most common allergic conditions, and occurs when the nasal cavity is exposed to foreign particles such as pollens, dust, etc. The perso...

Symptoms

Some people notice symptoms rarely when exposed to allergens, while others may face them all the time. Consult a doctor if symptoms last more than a week. The most common signs and symptoms of rhinitis include:

  • Sneezing.
  • Itching of Nose, eyes, and ear palate.
  • Congestion and headache.
  • Red eyes, swelling of eyes, tears, and ear ache.
  • Postnasal drip.
  • Anosmia.
  • Fatigue, and drowsiness.
  • Malaise.
  • Problems with smell.

 

Causes

When human body comes in contact with allergens, body releases chemical histamine. This chemical acts as an immune system and causes allergic rhinitis. Common causes of allergies are:

  • Pollen.
  • Trees.
  • Dust and dirt.
  • Animal danger.
  • Cat saliva.
  • Animal fur and wood dust.
  • Mold.

 

Risks

Allergies can affect anyone, but is likely to affect those more who have a family history. The main risk factors are:

  • Smoke.
  • Cold weather.
  • Humidity and wind.
  • Hairspray.
  • Pollution.
  • Smoke due to burning of crackers, wood, waste, etc.
  • Perfumes and chemicals.

 

Prevention

The best way to prevent allergies from occurring, is to manage them by avoiding exposure to substances that cause allergies. Tips to prevent allergies are:

  • Avoid going outdoors when pollen count is high.
  • Exercise indoor early morning.
  • Showers right after coming from outside.
  • Cover your nose and mouth while in open.
  • Avoid using carpets at home if you are allergic to dust mites.

How is it diagnosed?

At Medanta, in case of severe symptoms, allergic tests that are recommended include:

...

How is it treated?

At Medanta, doctors may advice medicines for treatment depending on condition and severity of symptoms. The management of allergies may include:

Antihistamines: Can be taken to treat allergies. The medicines control production of hor..

  • Antihistamines

    Can be taken to treat allergies. The medicines control production of hormone histamine in the human body. Some of the popular over-the-counter antihistamines are:

    • Allegra
    • Clarinex
    • Xyzal
    • Zyrtec
    • Claritin

     

  • Decongestants|

    They can be used over a short period, i.e. not more than 3 days on a go, and can be used to give relief from stuffy nose and blocked sinus. Popular decongestants include:

    • Afrin nasal spray
    • Sudafed
    • Sudafed PE
    • Zyrtec-D

     

  • Immunotherapy (allergy shots)

    If avoiding pollens is not possible, or symptoms are hard to control, allergy shots are given in small amounts till the symptoms come under control.

     

  • Sublingual Immunotherapy (SLIT)

    These are medicines put directly under tongue. It may help in cases of grass and ragweed allergies.

When do I contact the doctor?

If the symptoms continue for more than a week or so, seek immediate medical care. Tell the doctor about the medical history, symptoms, and other information which may be necessary for diagnosis.

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